On the structure of the company and the construction of its subdivisions affected by industrial, technical and organizational factors. The most important are the nature of the production process and product, production scale, nature and degree of specialization, the degree of coverage of product life cycle. Nature of the production process. By stage of fabrication shops and product release processes: procurement (foundries, forging, pressing, metal, etc.), manufacturing (mechanical, wood, thermal, galvanic, etc.), assembly (hub, and the general assembly, testing, painting ready-made machinery, etc.). Depending the composition of the consumption of raw materials and the nature of the finished products are following the processes, analytical (from the same raw material producing several types of products – petrochemicals, wood chemistry, coke), synthetic (from various commodities produced one product), direct (one kind of raw material will receive one type of product). If, for example, the company dominated the analytical process, it may have a procurement department and Several issuers specializing na manufacture various products. In this case, the company has an extensive communications sales. For synthetic processes, by contrast, is characterized by an extensive system procurement departments. Initial processing of raw materials is gradually transformed into a more narrow range of manufacturing units and completes one issued. In this case, very time-consuming work on the logistics (WCO), the management of procuring production. In enterprises with direct manufacturing process creates usually a "string of production, manufacturer of the finished product can be carried out in a workshop from beginning to end.
By illini | Published April 27, 2013