So all the company continued to grow. At this point in the troupe for more than 900 artists. Actors Theatre are not only thank the audience, but also Many of them receive decals and decorations. More than 800 works have been delivered to the theater. Great success has come to the theater after such productions as "Rebirth", "Miller – a sorcerer, a deceiver and a matchmaker." In the period from 1840th to 1850th Theater focuses on a truly Russian motives, which put popular, iconic performances. The second half of the nineteenth century was marked by the appearance in the theater a skilled choreographer Marius Petipa, who placed a lot of outstanding performances at the Bolshoi Theatre – "Don Quixote Lamanchinsky" and many others. Also setting that made the theater a reputation – "Voivod", "Swan Lake", "Eugene Onegin", "Mazeppa", "Slippers".
At the turn of centuries – the nineteenth and twentieth theater achieves unprecedented success. Many actors seek opportunities to play at the Bolshoi. At the same time it becomes known name Chaliapin, who raised so far known performance – "Khovanshchina." At the same time working with theater Rachmaninoff, who was not only a composer but as an opera conductor. In the first year after the revolution, rose into question the very existence of the Bolshoi, and Secondly, the existence of the ballet, and a variety of performances, which wanted to make because of the ideology of the regime. Tchaikovsky is continuing its work in the theater, and in 1920 a new performance of "Swan Lake". Choreographers, like other members, and directors looking for new productions in the art form because of the new ideology, because of the new state policy.
Thus, during the Soviet era, the theater continues to work to achieve success, but largely due to Soviet propaganda in the productions. And during World War II theater was evacuated to Kuibyshev. After the war, the Bolshoi Theatre turns to the creation of Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary, shall replace the performances of classical Russian plays. In the 1960th actively entered into the repertoire of new works, "Aida," "Falstaff," "Fra Diavolo," which involved foreign artists. Also in the famous Bolshoi Theater comes choreographer Yuri Grigorovich, who puts on the stage are ballet plays as "The Stone Flower," "Legend of Love", "Nutcracker" ballet, "Swan Lake". In the entire history of the Bolshoi Theater to improve and progress have helped many famous people – whether choreographers, actors, artists, musicians, directors. At this point in the theater a lot of classical pieces, but the theater strives for new discoveries and experiments. In various areas of theater poses great representations, such as "The Bright Stream" and "Bolt." At work in the theater includes people who have already known, because of what the performances get better and better. Also changes the theater plays such as "Boris Godunov", "Ruslan and Lyudmila, "in order to be closer to the original. However, not all the Bolshoi lucky with his experiments – "The Children of Rosenthal," "Eugene Onegin", were not accepted by both experts and the general public.